surface(x, y, z)

Plots a surface, where (x, y) define a grid whose heights are the entries in z. x and y may be Vectors which define a regular grid, orMatrices which define an irregular grid.


Specific to Surface

  • invert_normals::Bool = false inverts the normals generated for the surface. This can be useful to illuminate the other side of the surface.

  • color = nothing, can be set to an Matrix{<: Union{Number, Colorant}} to color surface independent of the z component. If color=nothing, it defaults to color=z.

3D shading attributes

  • shading = Makie.automatic sets the lighting algorithm used. Options are NoShading (no lighting), FastShading (AmbientLight + PointLight) or MultiLightShading (Multiple lights, GLMakie only). Note that this does not affect RPRMakie.

  • diffuse::Vec3f = Vec3f(1.0) sets how strongly the red, green and blue channel react to diffuse (scattered) light.

  • specular::Vec3f = Vec3f(0.4) sets how strongly the object reflects light in the red, green and blue channels.

  • shininess::Real = 32.0 sets how sharp the reflection is.

  • backlight::Float32 = 0f0 sets a weight for secondary light calculation with inverted normals.

  • ssao::Bool = false adjusts whether the plot is rendered with ssao (screen space ambient occlusion). Note that this only makes sense in 3D plots and is only applicable with fxaa = true.

Color attributes

  • colormap::Union{Symbol, Vector{<:Colorant}} = :viridis sets the colormap that is sampled for numeric colors. PlotUtils.cgrad(...), Makie.Reverse(any_colormap) can be used as well, or any symbol from ColorBrewer or PlotUtils. To see all available color gradients, you can call Makie.available_gradients().

  • colorscale::Function = identity color transform function. Can be any function, but only works well together with Colorbar for identity, log, log2, log10, sqrt, logit, Makie.pseudolog10 and Makie.Symlog10.

  • colorrange::Tuple{<:Real, <:Real} sets the values representing the start and end points of colormap.

  • nan_color::Union{Symbol, <:Colorant} = RGBAf(0,0,0,0) sets a replacement color for color = NaN.

  • lowclip::Union{Nothing, Symbol, <:Colorant} = nothing sets a color for any value below the colorrange.

  • highclip::Union{Nothing, Symbol, <:Colorant} = nothing sets a color for any value above the colorrange.

  • alpha = 1.0 sets the alpha value of the colormap or color attribute. Multiple alphas like in plot(alpha=0.2, color=(:red, 0.5), will get multiplied.

Generic attributes

  • visible::Bool = true sets whether the plot will be rendered or not.

  • overdraw::Bool = false sets whether the plot will draw over other plots. This specifically means ignoring depth checks in GL backends.

  • transparency::Bool = false adjusts how the plot deals with transparency. In GLMakie transparency = true results in using Order Independent Transparency.

  • fxaa::Bool = true adjusts whether the plot is rendered with fxaa (anti-aliasing).

  • inspectable::Bool = true sets whether this plot should be seen by DataInspector.

  • depth_shift::Float32 = 0f0 adjusts the depth value of a plot after all other transformations, i.e. in clip space, where 0 <= depth <= 1. This only applies to GLMakie and WGLMakie and can be used to adjust render order (like a tunable overdraw).

  • model::Makie.Mat4f sets a model matrix for the plot. This replaces adjustments made with translate!, rotate! and scale!.

  • space::Symbol = :data sets the transformation space for box encompassing the volume plot. See Makie.spaces() for possible inputs.


using GLMakie

xs = LinRange(0, 10, 100)
ys = LinRange(0, 15, 100)
zs = [cos(x) * sin(y) for x in xs, y in ys]

surface(xs, ys, zs, axis=(type=Axis3,))

using GLMakie
using DelimitedFiles

volcano = readdlm(Makie.assetpath("volcano.csv"), ',', Float64)

    colormap = :darkterrain,
    colorrange = (80, 190),
    axis=(type=Axis3, azimuth = pi/4))

using SparseArrays
using LinearAlgebra
using GLMakie

# This example was provided by Moritz Schauer (@mschauer).

Define the precision matrix (inverse covariance matrix)
for the Gaussian noise matrix.  It approximately coincides
with the Laplacian of the 2d grid or the graph representing
the neighborhood relation of pixels in the picture,
function gridlaplacian(m, n)
    S = sparse(0.0I, n*m, n*m)
    linear = LinearIndices((1:m, 1:n))
    for i in 1:m
        for j in 1:n
            for (i2, j2) in ((i + 1, j), (i, j + 1))
                if i2 <= m && j2 <= n
                    S[linear[i, j], linear[i2, j2]] -= 1
                    S[linear[i2, j2], linear[i, j]] -= 1
                    S[linear[i, j], linear[i, j]] += 1
                    S[linear[i2, j2], linear[i2, j2]] += 1
    return S

# d is used to denote the size of the data
d = 150

 # Sample centered Gaussian noise with the right correlation by the method
 # based on the Cholesky decomposition of the precision matrix
data = 0.1randn(d,d) + reshape(
        cholesky(gridlaplacian(d,d) + 0.003I) \ randn(d*d),
        d, d

surface(data; shading = NoShading, colormap = :deep)
surface(data; shading = NoShading, colormap = :deep)